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    COVID-19 is an infectious disease caused by a new recently discovered novel Corona Virus.

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    When a person suffering from this disease sneezes or coughs, a lot of droplets spread in the air or fall on the ground and nearby surfaces. If another person is nearby and inhales the droplets or touches these surfaces and then touches his face, eyes or mouth, he can get the infection. The chances are more if one is within a distance of less than 1 meter from the infected person.

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    Majority of the people (80%) will require no treatment as such and will recover on their own. A small proportion (<20%) may need hospitalization. A very small proportion (mainly with underlying chronic illness) may need admission in intensive care unit (ICU).

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    This disease is known to occur in all age groups. It can spread to children as well through the other person suffering from the disease in the household. The infection is generally mild in children. Older persons and persons with pre-existing medical conditions (such as high blood pressure, heart disease, lung disease, cancer or diabetes) are at a high risk to develop serious illness.

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    It is not certain how long the virus that causes COVID-19 survives on surfaces, but it seems to behave like other Corona Viruses. Studies suggest that Corona Viruses (including preliminary information on the COVID-19 virus) may persist on surfaces for a few hours or up to several days. This may vary under different conditions (e.g. type of surface, temperature or humidity of the environment). If you think a surface may be infected, clean it with simple disinfectant to kill the virus and protect yourself and others. Clean your hands with an alcohol-based hand rub or wash them with soap and water. Avoid touching your eyes, mouth, or nose.

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    The symptoms include: Fever, Sore throat, Cough and Shortness of breath. These are similar to the symptoms of any viral infection like common cold, influenza etc.

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    You should consult your family physician if you are having clinical symptoms of a respiratory infection plus any of the following: Travel history to a Corona Virus-affected area. Close contact with a person infected with Corona Virus.

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    You are not required to get tested for COVID-19 if you do not have any symptoms (Cough, fever or difficulty in breathing) If you have any of the above symptoms and have travelled to any of the COVID-19 affected countries or you are a contact of a laboratory confirmed positive case then immediately call the State Helpline Number or Ministry of Health & Family Welfare, Government of India's 24x7 helpline i.e. 011-23978046 and Toll Free No: 1075 The helpline desk will note down your contact details and contact you with the testing protocols of COVID-19. If you qualify as a case for testing as per the protocol, you will be tested at a government approved lab only.

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    As on date there is no specific treatment for Corona Virus infection. Treatment for Corona Virus infection consists of symptomatic treatment. Since it is a viral infection, so in more than 80% of the cases it recovers within a few days. A small proportion may need admission in hospital/ICU if they are having symptoms of severe disease.

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